The History of Avocado - Food With a Long History

 

The History of Avocado
The History of Avocado

The history of avocado is intriguing and it has its roots in the New World. The avocado tree is native to central America, along the southern part of Mexico and in the Caribbean. In the pre-classic era, the fruit was eaten by people as a snack and as an offering to the gods. It has been stated that Aztec warriors ate the fruit when surrendering to the Spaniards, and the fruit was also used as an ingredient of sauces for Aztec meals.


As the history of avocado continues, it has been said that the fruit started out as a small plant, probably trees that are still found in some areas of Mexico and Central America. As the centuries passed, the fruit has expanded from a small tree to an enormous tree with over a hundred varieties left. In fact, there are so many varieties now, that it is difficult to tell them apart from each other. In addition, the various cultivars have all contributed to improving the taste of this tasty fruit.


Who discovered avocados?

Martín Fernández de EncisoIn the 16th century, Spanish explorers became the first Europeans to eat avocados. Martín Fernández de Enciso (circa 1470 – 1528) was the first European to describe avocados when he mentioned them in a book he wrote in 1519. The Spanish called the fruit aguacate, a corruption of ahuacatl.


The avocado is a seedless fruit, so it grows best on trees in the shade. They grow best in Peru, where they are particularly popular. The majority of commercial orchards in the United States grow the fruit on trees planted with commercial seed. These commercial orchards may be more expensive than the native variety, but the flavor is generally the same. Also, the larger commercial orchards usually have a cooler environment that allows the fruit to ripen more quickly than does the smaller local varieties.


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In addition to being an important staple of the diet of the native people of central and southern Mexico, the avocado tree is extremely popular among the people of the United States. The avocado has come to represent a healthy alternative to unhealthy fats and oils, and as a result, the avocado is widely used in American cooking today. Many people enjoy the rich flavor of avocados and use them for a wide range of recipes. There are many different kinds of avocado, including: Mexican, African, Honduran, Brazilian, American and even Italian.


Avocado trees produce a large crop of fruit, which grows on two types of trees. The African Avocado is harvested twice a year, once in the wild and then again with commercial farmers. The most popular kinds of African Avocados are; black, green. The Mexican avocado is collected twice a year and is used mainly in sauces and to cook with.


What tree does the avocado come from?

The avocado (Persea americana), a tree likely originating from south central Mexico, is classified as a member of the flowering plant family Lauraceae. The fruit of the plant, also called an avocado (or avocado pear or alligator pear), is botanically a large berry containing a single large seed.


The history of avocado fruit begins centuries ago, when the Aztecs of South America discovered the avocado fruit while exploring the jungle. The Aztecs ate the fruit raw and believed that it was the food that induced fertility. It became popular among the Spaniards and was used to prepare their meals. At that time, it was only used in small amounts and was considered a luxury good.


In California, avocado trees were first planted in 1846. After that date, California's avocado industry has boomed. Today, California is the leading grower of avocado throughout the world. California avocado growers will use many different varieties to develop different colors and flavors, so that the fruit can be marketed and consumed in various ways.


In 2021, United States avocado production was at nearly eighty-two million pounds. United States avocado growers and processors will plant an average of one avocado per square foot. This amount of avocado planting is much lower than what the tree can normally support due to the disease and other natural conditions of the California desert.


Read Also: History of Apple Pie and History of Apple Cider Vinegar.


In 2021, a drought occurred in California and left alligator lizard tracks all over the state. Alligator lizards are the main prey of the California alligator lizard. The tracks left by the alligator lizard can still be seen in many parts of California. The leftovers of the lizard's meal can also be found in California avocados.


A century later, Mexican scientists began to wonder why the fruit of avocado trees in central America suddenly turned black when they were transplanted to Mexico. They soon realized that the fruit was infected with a fungus that caused the leaves and stems to turn black. After further research, scientists found out that it was an actual kind of fungus called black walnut wood fungal infection. Since that time, the fungus has spread all over central America and to the rest of the world. Today, black walnut trees are still grown in Mexico, but since the imported fungus has reached such extreme numbers, it is nearly impossible to save any avocados for local use.


Other crops affected by the fungus are the avocado fruit itself, the trees, and the soil where the avocado trees grow. As California's avocado growers have begun to spray their trees with a non-toxic spray known as Dicamba, the fungus has taken off and has spread rapidly throughout the state. The epidemic has spread so quickly due to the ease of transporting contaminated seeds and plant parts that many farmers have lost a great deal of money due to the disease. The only way to control fungus is to harvest avocado oil only from trees that are free of the fungus.


Looking for more Food News? Check out our famous History of Appetizer, History of Avocado Toast, Facts About Avocado Oil. You wont regret it!

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